Drivers are expected to know about the stopping distance. It is the needed distance to bring a car or any moving vehicle to a full stop. It is of utmost importance to understand this principle, especially for drivers. If you are not capable of calculating the stopping distance accurately, you are at risk of a severe road accident. It could even lead to death.
Below are the driver safety facts that should be known by vehicle drivers to help in controlling and stopping your car when necessary.
Before you realize that you need to step on the break, it might be three-quarters of a second late. If your driving speed is at 5 mph, your vehicle will be traveling 71 feet before you come to your senses that you need to break.
Your reaction time is also a split of a second. By the time your foot reaches the break from the accelerator, three-quarters of a second would have passed.
The braking distance is the distance calculated to stop your car once you step on the brakes. If your vehicle is moving at 65mph, it would take an extra 5.5 secs to get your car at full stop.
Calculation of Stopping Distance
The total distance you need to bring your car into a full stop is known as the stopping distance. Here is the calculation for stopping distance:
Perception Distance + Reaction Distance + Braking Distance = Stopping Distance
Remember that when conditions change, distances and time change as well. Here are the other factors that increase stopping distance:
An empty truck would require a greater stopping distance than a truck that is loaded since an empty truck produces less traction. It results in less friction between the tires and the road surface. It can also cause poor braking capacity.
Wet Roads are More Risky
Wet roads make it harder for you to bring your car to a complete stop. They can even double your stopping distance. To stop a vehicle on a wet road, make use of the same stopping distance on the dry road. Aside from this, you need to drive slower.
These are the common dangers in slippery roads: